Canada is set to become the first G7 nation to legalise recreational cannabis after a bill from Justin Trudeau's government won the backing of the upper chamber.
The Senate's approval in a vote in Ottawa clears the way for the final step - a ceremonial signing - to officially make the bill law. The exact date it will take effect remains unclear, and ministers have said another 12 weeks beyond that may be needed for producers and retail stores to prepare for their first sales.
Trudeau's Liberals pressured the Senate to approve the bill this week before a Parliamentary recess began, allowing the government to keep a pledge for the market to open by the end of the summer. Legalisation could create a market worth C$7.2 billion ($7.8 billion) and investor anticipation has already created several companies such as Aurora Cannabis with market values of more than C$1 billion.
The Senate voted 52 to 29 in favor of a revised bill from the elected House of Commons, and there were two abstentions. The House version accepted some earlier Senate amendments, while rejecting a contentious one calling for further restrictions on people growing plants in their homes.
Conservative senators also raised other concerns, such as slower US border crossings, that kept the bill in the upper house for about seven months.
Trudeau countered those concerns with arguments that a regulated market will strip profits from criminal gangs and reduce youth consumption, and it's rare in Canadian politics for the appointed Senate to outright block laws sent from an elected government.
Here are some key points around legalised cannabis: